Written by: Anna Nicholson and Emily Downward | Last Reviewed: September 2019.
- Probiotics, National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Available at https://nccih.nih.gov/health/probiotics/introduction.htm. Accessed 1/10/18.
- O′Bryan CA, Pak D, Crandall PG, Lee SO, Ricke SC. The Role of Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Health. J Prob Health. 2013 May;1:108. doi:10.4172/2329-8901.1000108
- Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America. Available at http://www.ccfa.org/resources/complementary-alternative.html. Accessed 1/10/18.
- Sartor RB. Therapeutic manipulation of the enteric microflora in inflammatory bowel diseases: antibiotics, probiotics, and prebiotics. Gastroenterology. 2004;126:1620–1633.